Introduction

Organic manure is a simple way to sustain the soil fertility in your home garden. But then, your garden soil may not be a monotype from one end to the other end. There could be variations in the composition, texture, and other parameters. Hence, you can grow various types of plants and trees within the same garden. So, the first step is to test the soil types in your home garden. Then you can determine its ph value. In the next step, you can choose the different types of soil fertilization, which can keep your garden green and healthy forever.

Soil Testing

You can test the soil for its composition of silt, clay, sandy, loam, or any other type. There are certain basic parameters you should check like the

  • Compaction factor
  • Soil color
  • Fertility factors
  • Soil profile, etc

The temperature of the soil can have a significant impact on the type of plants you can grow. Some of the plants like jasmine may grow at higher temperature values. Others like marigold require cooler soil temperature. Rose can grow in all ranges of soil temperature due to its vast range of types.

Soil Type Test

Take half glass jar of water with a firm lid. Take three big spoons of soil to be tested after removing all the coarse particles, stones, etc. Mix it into the water. Pour more water until the jar is 3/4th full. Now, you can close the lid and shake well. Keep the water jar in a cool place for the 12 hours.

You can observe the different layers formed at the jar bottom. You can identify the various colors from the bottom to the top of the soil layers.

Sandy soil is light grey or brown in color. It contains more of sand and less of silt and clay. The loam soil may form grey, brown, and clay color. It contains less of sand and more of silt and clay. Similarly, the clay soil will contain more clay and less of the other two elements.

Temperature Test

Any soil that is less than 35-degrees F has to be fertilized with organic manure, mulch and other nutrients recommended by your gardening expert. The soil temperature above 39-degree F shows it is moderately fertile. The ideal temperature should be between 65-degrees F and 70-degree F. Of course, there could be soils with higher temperature. The growth rate could be slow in such soils also.

You can increase the soil temperature by exposing it to sunlight. Or you can install a greenhouse around the soil with lower temperature values.

Water Penetration Test

Granular soils will have high water penetration and absorption properties. Clay and blocky soils may have lower penetration. The level of draining and absorption may also vary. You can get the help of a horticulturist to determine the soil water penetration capacity of your garden.

The horticulturist can also give you advice about the type of plants you can grow in our garden based on the results of the above tests.

Any well laid out garden needs to be tended to more than anything else. Gardeners are good at not only maintaining and tending to gardens but to the overall look of a space. Listed out are the major thoughts that go towards establishing a good garden patch most of the time.

  1. Give it a full thought

Some of the better gardens were brought into being after due thought being applied to the space. It is the smart gardener that decides upon the features that needs to be included in the gardens as such.  The space has to be proportioned out and made into separate sections for each type of plants and growth.

It must be admitted that gardens that have had the time and space when it comes to the thought being used on each occasion, it does show on the overall layout of the space most of the time.  Thus the better gardens are efforts at changing over a space both by the gardener as well as those who employ the gardener.

  1. Getting the location just right

When it comes to home gardens, it is not usually planned out in advance. So the thing to do is to have the location well thought out from the early days itself. It would be worth the while to have the garden planned out or at least the location set into the building of the house or premise. This would ensure the least of disturbance to the area and that the garden could be planned as integral to the whole setting most of the time.

  1. Let the garden concept grow

The secret to a good garden is to start small and allow the garden to grow in stature. This allows the plants and shrubs to be added as and when the garden tends to spread out from the initial stages. In a way, this is the scalability of the garden and works to a large extent.

With this concept of starting out small and allowing the garden to grow, it would be seen that it works out a lot more cheaply and cost effective as well. It is not every day that people get to have large sums parked somewhere to be spent on the gardens as has been laid out earlier.

  1. Choose the soil wisely

For the most parts, the garden is what is composed of the soil and nothing more. Ideally the best soils for gardens are those that have the right moisture retention capacity and also are easy to work into as well. In case the soil type is not of the right type, then the most logical thing to do would be to try and change the soil to the most extent possible.

It does not take much effort to change the soil. Just the first couple of feet are more than sufficient to have a proper growth most of the time. Thus it is this part of the garden that needs to be changed as well.

This article is courtesy from our friend at Tree Lopping Logan Co, a certified arborist and gardener at heart.

Tree Lopping Logan Co
34 Marday St, Slacks Creek
QLD 4127
(07) 7 2102 1267
http://www.treeloppinglogan.com/

  1. Make proper plan

The best laid gardens have been thought up much before the ground was broken to sink in the foundation to the premise. Then it would be appropriate to think of the direction of the sun and the wind flow to try and make sense of what has been the greater plan. Planning is everything to gardening and laying out the gardens as well. This avoids unnecessary clearing of plants and also the ground can be prepared to perfection.

Poor planning is often double or more of the efforts to establish the same garden. Often it would mean rework on a grand scale most of the time.

  1. Match the garden to the architecture

Imagine the Taj Mahal without the Mogul gardens?? That is how important is architecture to the layout of the garden.  The garden space must match the architecture plans and come to represent what the whole layout is aiming to be for the most part. Gardens are meant to complement the buildings that they surround or beautify for the most parts. Instances of a bad match of garden would mean that the work would have to be redone from time to time to achieve near acceptable results.

  1. Keep the scale in sight

The scale here applies to the garden as a whole and the smaller items like the size of the flower beds and the likes. It is mostly a matter of proportions more than anything else. If the entrance to a garden is rather big and arched, then there needs to be a feature to match the garden layout to the entrance else the sight would be ungainly and uncomfortable to say the least.

  1. Bloom times

If the aim of the garden is to provide a set of flowery gardens to look to then, care must be taken to match the bloom times of the flowers in the garden. That is the garden should not be just with flowers that bloom all together or at the same season. It is possible to find garden flowers that bloom during the winters as well.

An experienced gardener would be able to understand the climate and the relation that it has to the bloom times. It is then a matter of mostly matching the blooms to the proper seasons and no more.

  1. Think Ahead

Like people plants and trees have a productive life and a death eventually. The aim must be to keep the plant life diverse enough to be able to have a green cover throughout the life of the garden and beyond. By planting trees that are huge and with large canopies, it is possible to extend the green cover to beyond a few decades at least.  It is the proactive gardener and garden setter that allow the most potential to be realized from a garden as the case might be.