Organic manure is a simple way to sustain the soil fertility in your home garden. But then, your garden soil may not be a monotype from one end to the other end. There could be variations in the composition, texture, and other parameters. Hence, you can grow various types of plants and trees within the same garden. So, the first step is to test the soil types in your home garden. Then you can determine its ph value. In the next step, you can choose the different types of soil fertilization, which can keep your garden green and healthy forever.
You can test the soil for its composition of silt, clay, sandy, loam, or any other type. There are certain basic parameters you should check like the
- Compaction factor
- Soil color
- Fertility factors
- Soil profile, etc
The temperature of the soil can have a significant impact on the type of plants you can grow. Some of the plants like jasmine may grow at higher temperature values. Others like marigold require cooler soil temperature. Rose can grow in all ranges of soil temperature due to its vast range of types.
Soil Type Test
Take half glass jar of water with a firm lid. Take three big spoons of soil to be tested after removing all the coarse particles, stones, etc. Mix it into the water. Pour more water until the jar is 3/4th full. Now, you can close the lid and shake well. Keep the water jar in a cool place for the 12 hours.
You can observe the different layers formed at the jar bottom. You can identify the various colors from the bottom to the top of the soil layers.
Sandy soil is light grey or brown in color. It contains more of sand and less of silt and clay. The loam soil may form grey, brown, and clay color. It contains less of sand and more of silt and clay. Similarly, the clay soil will contain more clay and less of the other two elements.
Any soil that is less than 35-degrees F has to be fertilized with organic manure, mulch and other nutrients recommended by your gardening expert. The soil temperature above 39-degree F shows it is moderately fertile. The ideal temperature should be between 65-degrees F and 70-degree F. Of course, there could be soils with higher temperature. The growth rate could be slow in such soils also.
You can increase the soil temperature by exposing it to sunlight. Or you can install a greenhouse around the soil with lower temperature values.
Water Penetration Test
Granular soils will have high water penetration and absorption properties. Clay and blocky soils may have lower penetration. The level of draining and absorption may also vary. You can get the help of a horticulturist to determine the soil water penetration capacity of your garden.
The horticulturist can also give you advice about the type of plants you can grow in our garden based on the results of the above tests.